Plausibility: Control of the effect of Gravity in two sentences (theory and method)

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# Experimental violation of the principles of relativity

"My opinion about Miller's experiments is the following. ... Should the positive result be confirmed, then the special theory of relativity and with it the general theory of relativity, in its current form, would be invalid. Experimentum summus judex. Only the equivalence of inertia and gravitation would remain, however, they would have to lead to a significantly different theory."

–Albert Einstein, in a letter to Edwin E. Slosson, 8 July 1925 (from copy in Hebrew University Archive, Jerusalem.)

Retrieved 17:38, 10 August 2016 (EDT) from http://www.orgonelab.org/miller.htm

Note: The English text below is a Google trans-literation, which does not create native English diction.

Source: Karim A. Khaidarov, Bourabai Research, http://bourabai.narod.ru/marinov/fmr.htm

Experimental violation of the principles of relativity and the equivalence of energy conservation

### Stefan Marinov

Institute for Fundamental Physics
Morellenfeldgasse 16, A-8010 Graz, Austria

Now we can consider several experiments carried out by me, which legitimize the absolute space-time theory and thrown overboard the whole theory of Einstein.

### Optical measurements of the absolute velocity of the Earth

In all experiments measuring light-speed velocities measured by the amount of light at a particular step of the way "back and forth, so that if the speed of light" there "more on the magnitude and speed of the laboratory" back "in the same amount less then the average speed shall be Indeed if such an experiment is measured, remains constant.

Fig.1. Fizeau experiment, 1849.

Figure 1 shows a diagram of this experiment. Light from the source S, passes through the semitransparent mirror N, "cut" into pieces rotating gear wheels with covers a distance d to the mirror M, is returned to again pass through the slot with a rotating wheel and is reflected from the semitransparent mirror N, reaches the observer O . If, in the course d way there and back wheel turns with the slots on a tooth, then the observer will not see the light. Dividing the distance 2d of time during which the wheel turns with the slots on the tooth, we get the speed of light.

Today, people spend hundreds of thousands of measurements per day, as on Earth hundreds of thousands of operational radars. However, nobody (repeat, nobody, nobody, nobody) is not tried to measure the speed of light in one direction, although such an experiment is proposed to Michelson and Morley in their famous article in 1881, where they reported a null result obtained when trying to determine the absolute velocity of the Earth with Maykelsonova interferometer.

The essence of this experiment is so simple that even a child, to understand the Fizeau experiment, it can offer. However, strangely enough, nobody in the world took place this experiment, the more so because of technical difficulties, not so much.

At Fig.2 shows a diagram of the experiment, by which I measured the difference between the speed of light in two opposite directions [5, p.68]. Light from a laser is split semitransparent mirror into two beams that are reflected from another pair of mirrors, are in opposite directions, the distance between two synchronously rotating disks with holes in the periphery (Figure light sources S 1 and S 2 are shown as independent). The second rotating disk skips most of the piece, if the speed of light in this direction is large, respectively, lower part of the piece, if the speed of light in this direction less.

Fig.2. Experiment with related closures for measuring the velocity of light in one direction.

Since the distance between the disks can not be made very large (Fizeau worked at the base a distance d = 8 km), the light pieces, which move with greater speed, pass through the second disc only slightly longer than the pieces moving in the opposite direction with lower speed . However, if the "second" drive to put sensitive photodiodes, then the difference between the currents generated by them, as measured on a galvanometer can determine the projection of the absolute velocity in the direction of the axis of the laboratory apparatus. I called this experiment "experiment with related closures" (coupled shutters experiment). That's his whole theory and performance:

Shaft rotates the electric motor, set out in the middle of the shaft (in Figure 2 the motor placed in the left end of the shaft). The distance between the centers of the peripheral holes and the shaft axis R (12 cm), and the distance between the disks d (120 cm). Mutual position of both disks on the shaft and the direction of laser beams are set so that when the shaft at rest, a light beam passing through the entire near-hole covers half the distance holes. Since the rotation of the laser pulses, cut into the near-hole, you need a certain time to reach a distant hole, with an increase in speed is less and less light will pass through the far hole, if it "escapes" from the beam and, conversely, more and more light pass through the far hole, if it is "opt in" to the beam. For brevity, the hole in the first position I call "fleeing" n holes in the second position "opt in".

Assume that the holes on the rotating disks and that the rectangular laser beams have rectangular cross section and uniform illumination in the section (these restrictions to facilitate our calculations do not affect the final form of the formula). The current I, generated by each of the photodetectors is proportional to the width of the light spot on its surface, b, when the shaft rotates, ie I ~ b. When the speed increases by ΔN rpm, the width of the light spot for "escaping" hole will be b-Δb, whereas the width of the light spot for the "opt in" hole will be b + Δb, and the corresponding currents will be equal to I - ΔI ~ b - Δb, I + ΔI ~ b + Δb, so that

db = b(ΔI/I), (42)

where dI - half of the difference measurement of currents produced by the two photodetectors in this case.

If you rotate the shaft at first with ΔN / 2 on / s in one direction, and then with ΔN / 2 on / from the other side, this corresponds to a change in angular velocity on ΔN. Since

db = (d / c) 2ПΔNR, (43)

we obtain for the velocity of light in one direction

(44)

If the speed of light in one side of the cv, and in another c + v, then the currents will change, respectively, dI + δI and ΔI - δI, and we will have

(45)

From these two equations we obtain the final result:

v = (δI / ΔI) c (46)

Method of measuring the currents ΔI and δI is the following. Changes the rotation speed of the shaft on dN (400 rev / s) and measured current change ΔI ~ ΔI + - δI, produced by each of the photodetectors.

Then 2δ I measured the difference between these two changes in currents. I spent two differential measurement method, passing through the galvanometer difference between the currents generated by the two photodetectors. To measure the 2Δ I, I set the wheels so that the long hole for a light beam were "fleeing" and another "opt in". To measure 2δI set I n disks so that the long holes for both beams were either "fleeing" or "opt in".

Measuring the difference currents 2ΔI done once and I got 2Δ I = 105 pA.

Measuring the difference currents 2δ I, I spent from 9 th to 13th February 1984 in Graz (φ = 47 °, λ = 15 ° 26 '), making measurements around the clock every two even hours. Since I did one experiment, some hours in some days were passed. The axis of the device was placed in the direction of north-south, and received over the last five days of quasi-sinusondalnom chart, I noted the difference between the two maximum currents (2δI) a =- 120 nA and (2δ I) b = 50 nA in the corresponding standard hours time, t st, which (together with evaluated me for error) correspond to two maximum per night projections of the absolute velocity of Earth's axis machine

(47)

When 2δI has extreme value, the absolute speed of the Earth lies in the plane of the laboratory meridian (ris.Z). The velocity components to the north, take positive, and the velocity components to the south - all negative. I noted that a v a velocity component, whose value is less than algebraic. When both the beam of light passes through a "runaway" hole, then, in the event that the component of absolute velocity is directed northward, "northern" photodiode produces less current than the "southern" photodiode (with respect to the case where the component of absolute velocity perpendicular to the axis apparatus). It should be noted that in Figure 3, both components of velocity directed to the north and positive, but in reality component v a was negative.

Fig.3. Absolute speed of the Earth and its components in a horizontal plane at a time when the absolute velocity is parallel to the meridian plane.

As seen in Figure 3, both components of the absolute velocity of the Earth in the horizontal plane of the laboratory, v a and v b are related to the modulus of the absolute velocity v the following dependencies:

(48)

where y - latitude laboratory, and δ - declination of the apex of absolute speed. From these formulas we obtain:

Obviously the absolute apex sorosti v sent to the meridian v a. So right ascension apex equals local sidereal time of registration of v a. Since the accuracy of the registration of a v a +-1h, it was sufficient to calculate (with an accuracy of not more than + -5 min) sidereal time tsi for Meridian, where the local time the same as the standard time of registration, bearing in mind that sidereal time at mean midnight the following:

 September 22 - 0h March 23 - 12h October 22 - 2h April 23 - 14h Nov. 22 - 4h May 23 - 16h Dec. 22 - 6h June 22 - 18h Jan. 21 - 8h July 23 - 20h Feb. 21 - 10h Aug. 22 - 22h

Local sidereal time registration of v a (ie, right ascension apex absolute velocity) was calculated as follows, since the day sidereal time increases by 4 minutes (relative to the solar time), sidereal time at midnight on 11 February (the day on which in the middle of my series of measurements, which should be effective 21 days after midnight on January 21) was 8h +1 h24m = 9h24m. At 3h mid-European time (ie the standard time of Graz) on 11 February lst at 15 ° meridian was 9 h 24 m +3 h = 12 h 24 m. On the meridian of Graz sidereal time was 12 h 24 m +2 m = 12 h +26 m ≈ l2, 5 h and it was a direct ascent of the apex of absolute speed. Now substituting the values (47) into (49), I got to the module of absolute velocity of the Earth and the equatorial coordinates of the apex

v = 362 ± 40 km / sec, δ = -24 ° ± 7 °, and = (t st) a = 12,5 h ± I h (50)

I note at the end (see Figure 2) that the experiment with related closures can be done using the thumbscrew V 1 and V 2, change the path lengths of light pulses between the disks, using a galvanometer, which measures the difference between the currents generated by the photodetectors, only as a zero instrument . It is easy to see that if at a given position of the vehicle at zero current in the galvanometer, when the path lengths of light pulses are, respectively, d 1 = d + a, d 2 = d + a, where a - extension of ways because of deviations, if we turn the axis apparatus at 180 °, so that the current remains zero, you will need to change the path lengths of light pulses on

d 1 = d (l-2v / c) + a,
d 2 = d (l +2 v / c) + a

(if the projection of the absolute velocity of the axis of the laboratory apparatus, v, is directed from left to right in Figure 2) or a micrometer to change the length of one of the ways in

Δ d = d 2 - d 1 = 4 (v / c) d. (51)

For v = 300 km / sec and d = 120, we have Δ d = 4,8 mm.

In 1973 in Sofia, I did a "corrector experiment with related mirrors" [10]. He was not very accurate and I just measured the maximal projection of the absolute velocity of Earth's axis machine (whose azimuth was 84 °), having the value v = 130 ± 100 km / sec.

In 1975/76, GG in Sofia, I had done "an interference experiment with related mirrors [11], which was much better. make measurements in the six months I have received for the module of absolute velocity of the Sun v = 303 ± 20 km / sec for the equatorial coordinates of the apex 8 =- 23 ° ± 4 °, α = 13 h 23 m ± 20 m

### REFERENCES

[1] Marinov S. Eppur si muove (East-West, Graz, 1987), first ed. Eppur si muove (East-West, Graz, 1987), first ed. 1977 1977
[2] Marinov S. Classical Physics (East-West, Graz, 1981). Classical Physics (East-West, Graz, 1981).
[3] Marinov S. Divine Electromagnetism (East-West, Graz, 1993) Divine Electromagnetism (East-West, Graz, 1993)
[4] Marinov S. The Thorny Way of Truth, part IV (East-West, Graz, 1989) The Thorny Way of Truth, part IV (East-West, Graz, 1989)
[5]. Marinov S. Marinov S. The Thorny Way ot'Truth, part II (East-West, Graz, 1986) The Thorny Way ot'Truth, part II (East-West, Graz, 1986)
[6] Marinov S. The Thorny Way ot'Truth, part VII (East-West, Graz, 1990) The Thorny Way ot'Truth, part VII (East-West, Graz, 1990)
[7] Marinov S. Nature 322, p. Nature 322, p. x (21 August 1986) x (21 August 1986)
[8] Marinov S. New Scientist 112, 48 (1986) New Scientist 112, 48 (1986)
[9] Rindler W. American Journal ot'Physics 57, 993 (1989)
[10] Marinov S. Czechoslovak Journal of Physics B24,965 (1974) Czechoslovak Journal of Physics B24, 965 (1974)
[11] Marinov S. General Relativity and Gravitation 12, 57 (1980) General Relativity and Gravitation 12, 57 (1980)
[12] Marinov S. Indian Journal of Theoretical Physics 31,93 (1983) Indian Journal of Theoretical Physics 31,93 (1983)
[13] Kennard R. Philosophical Magazine 33,179 (1917) Philosophical Magazine 33,179 (1917)
[14] van Bladel J. Relativity and Engineering (Springer, Berlin, 1984) Relativity and Engineering (Springer, Berlin, 1984)
[15] Marinov S. The Thorny Way ot'Truth, part I (East-West, Graz, 1988), first ed. The Thorny Way ot'Truth, part I (East-West, Graz, 1988), first ed. 1982. 1982.
[16] Scott WT The Physics of Electricity and Magnetism (John Wiley, New York, 1966)
[17] Dasgupta BB American Journal ot'Physics 52, 258, (1984)
[18] Rowland HA Sitzungsberichte der k. Akademic der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, p.211 (1876) Akademic der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, p.211 (1876)
[19] Landau LD и Лифшиц Е.М. and Lifshitz EM Электродинамика сплошных сред (изд. "Наука", Москва, 1973) Electrodynamics of Continuous Media (published Nauka, Moscow, 1973)
[20] Marinov S. Deutsche Physik 3(12), 53 (1994)
[21] Marinov S. Deutsche Physik 4(13), 31 (1995)
[22] Marinov S. Deutsche Physik 3(9), 17 (1994)
[23] Marinov S. Deutsche Physik 3(10), 8 (1994)
[24] Marinov S. Deutsche Physik 3(11), 40 (1994)
[25] Marinov S. Deutsche Physik 3(12), 13 (1994)
[26] Marinov S. Deutsche Physik 4(13), 15(1995)

Source: http://bourabai.narod.ru/marinov/fmr.htm
File:Lightspeed2.jpg
The test apparatus used by Marinov in these experiments. Retrieved Feb. 2, 2011 from http://www.scienzamisteriosa.it/en/scienziati-misteriosi/stefan-marinov.php